If you are a big fan of the CSI or Forensic Files Tv shows, you may have seen the tv scientists analyze soil samples that were found at the scene of a crime Botany at Dairy Farm. Within these soil samples, there is minute evidence that can have great forensic significance.
Plant materials such as seeds, pollen, or leaves can be found not only in soil samples, but also on dead bodies, clothing, flooring, automotive carpets, tools, and many other places. These plant materials can be the subject of forensic study. Just like any type of trace evidence, plant materials can link a suspect to a crime or a crime scene. Forensic scientists many times look for leaves, stems, flower petals, bark, pine tree needles, pollen grains, and seeds because different plants are unique to different areas. The materials from those plants can help the forensic investigator determine the origin of a soil sample. For instance, if investigators find tree bark on the clothing of a homicide victim, but no trees consistent with the bark anywhere outside the house, the perpetrator probably brought the tree bark with him on his clothing or shoes. In depth study of a particular tree species from which the bark came can help investigators narrow the possibilities of a search area.
Pollen, a product of flower plants, can be very useful to the forensic laboratory scientist. Pollen grains are minute and are rarely visible. However, they are highly unique. Pollen may be found on the jeans, shirt, or hair of a victim or suspect. Pollen grains may also be found in envelopes containing a perpetrator’s ransom note. Microscopic identification of pollen grains may indicate at the victim or the offender had been in a place where the particulate plant matter was in bloom. There exist several pollen reference databases that can help the forensic scientist with identifying a particular species.
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In Genesis 1: 11 and 12 we see the origin of all plant life. God created them on the third day of the week of creation. It reads as follows: “And God said, ‘Let the earth bring forth grass, the herb yielding seed, the fruit tree yielding fruit after his kind, whose seed is in itself, upon the earth: and it was so. And the earth brought forth grass, herb yielding seed after his kind, and the tree yielding fruit, whose seed is in itself, after his kind: and God saw that it was good. ‘ ” From this it is revealed that God created these in their mature form. They did not start out as seeds or seedlings. They had fruit on them at creation.
A side note here is the creative week was in an orderly fashion. Each day built on the day before. Following plant life we have the sun, moon and stars being created. Then came animals and humans. This would indicate that this was not done over a period of thousands or millions of years. Each one of these were dependent on the other. Plant life needed sunlight. Animals and mankind co-exist with plant life. God’s original plan was that animals and mankind would use plants for food. This is a much better explanation for the origin of life than any other one. It explains what we see much better than the myths of the naturalists in and out of the church.
We see plants that are “after their kind. ” The Bible names between 25 to 30 different kinds of trees alone. There is no evidence that one of these trees sprung from another kind. The kind was established at the beginning of creation. There are a number of varieties within the kinds. However, they have limits as to how much they differ. For example, no apple tree has ever produced an orange tree. God built within each kind the ability to make small changes. The boundaries for these changes were set by God Himself.